The Long Form 吴式太极拳

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More correctly referred to simply as the Tai Chi Chuan Form, it is often called the long form to differentiate it from the other weaponless forms.
Here are the names of the movements according to the ‘European branch’ of Wu style tai chi. i.e. 100 movements. As far as I am aware this is the same as the traditional 89 movement form as referred to in “Wu Style Taichichuan” by Wu Ying-hua and Ma Yueh-liang, it is just that some of the movements have been given more or less names.

Thanks to the Paul Brennan translation of “The taiji boxing of Mr. Wu Jianquan – For self-study” for the basic description of the moves.  Modern alterations or differences are given in the comments (please feel free to add your own).

Section I

1. yù bèi shì                            预备式                 preparation form 
2. tài jí qǐ shì                           起势                     tai chi beginning form 
3. lǎn què wěi                         揽雀尾                 grasping the bird's tail 
4. dān biān                             单鞭                     single whip  
5. tí shǒu shàng shì               提手上势              raise hand and step up  
6. bái hè liàng chì                   白鹤亮翅               white crane spreads its wings 
7. lǒu xī ǎo bù                         搂膝拗步              brush knee twist step 
8. shǒu huī pí pá                    手挥琵琶               hands strum the lute 
9. jìn bù bān lán chuí              进步搬拦捶           step up diverting and blocking fist 
10. rú fēng sì bì                       如封似闭              as if closing up 
11. bào hǔ tuī shān                 抱虎推山              carry tiger to the mountain 
12. shí zì shǒu                        十字手                  Cross hands 
13. xié lǒu xī ǎo bù                  斜搂膝拗步          oblique brush knee twist step 
14. fān shēn xié lǒu xī ǎo bù   翻身斜搂膝拗步   turn body, oblique brush knee twist step 
15. lǎn què wěi                        揽雀尾                 grasping the bird's tail 
16. xié dān biān                       斜单鞭                 oblique single whip

Section II

17. zhǒu dǐ kàn chuí             肘底看捶                    fist under elbow
18. dào niǎn hóu                  倒撵猴                       step back repulse monkey
19. xié fēi shì                        斜飞势                        flying oblique posture
20. tí shǒu shàng shì            提手上势                    raise hand and step up
21. bái hè liàng chì               白鹤亮翅                    white crane spreads its wings
22. lǒu xī ǎo bù                     搂膝拗步                    brush knee twist step
23. hǎi dì zhēn                      海底针                        needle at the bottom of the sea
24. shàn tong1 bèi               扇通背                         fan through back
25. piě shēn chuí                  撇身捶                        parry and punch
26. xiè bù bān lán chuí         卸步搬拦捶                 step up diverting and blocking fist
27. shàng bù lǎn què wěi     上步揽雀尾                 grasping the bird's tail
28. dān biān                         单鞭                            single whip
29. yún shǒu                        云手                            cloud hands
30. dān biān                         单鞭                            single whip 

Section III

31. zuǒ gāo tàn mǎ                             左高探马              scout on horseback (left)
32. yòu fēn jiǎo                                    右分脚                 kick with right foot
33. yòu gāo tàn mǎ                             右高探马              scout on horseback (right)
34. zuǒ fēn jiǎo                                    左分脚                 kick with left foot
35. zhuǎn shēn dèng jiǎo                     转身蹬脚             turn body pedalling foot
36. lǒu xī ǎo bù                                     搂膝拗步             brush knee twist step
37. jìn bù zāi chuí                                 进步栽捶              step up, planting punch
38. fān shēn piě shēn chuí                    翻身撇身捶          turn body, parry and punch
39. shàng bù zuǒ gāo tàn mǎ               上步左高探马       step up scout on horseback (left)
40. yòu fēn jiǎo                                    右分脚                   kick with right foot
41. tuì bù dǎ hǔ              退步打虎      step back beat tiger
42. pī shēn jiǎo              披身脚        opening kick
43. shuāng fēng guàn ěr       双峰贯耳      strike ears with both fists
44. yī qǐ jiǎo                一起脚        two kicks, fist kick
45. fān shēn èr qǐ jiǎo       翻身二起脚     turn and second kick                                                                                                        (or turn body kick with heel)
46. yòu gāo tàn mǎ            右高探马       scout on horseback (right)
47. shàng bù bān lán chuí     上步搬拦捶     step up diverting and blocking fist
48. rú fēng sì bì             如封似闭       As if closing up
49. bào hǔ tuī shān           豹虎推山       Leopard and tiger push the mountain
50. shí zì shǒu               十字手        Cross hands
51. xié lǒu xī ǎo bù          斜搂膝拗步     oblique brush knee twist step
52. fān shēn xié lǒu xī ǎo bù 翻身斜搂膝拗步  turn body, oblique brush knee twist step
53. lǎn què wěi               揽雀尾         grasping the bird's tail
54. xié dān biān              斜单鞭         oblique single whip

Section IV

55. yě mǎ fēn zōng                野马分鬃      parting wild horse's mane
56. shí zì yě mǎ fēn zōng         十字野马分鬃   parting wild horse's mane (to the side)
57。shàng bù zuǒ yù nǚ chuān suō   上步左玉女穿梭 step up, jade girl works the shuttle, left
58。zhuǎn shēn yòu yù nǚ chuān suō 转身右玉女穿梭 turn body, jade girl works at shuttle, right
59。shí zì yě mǎ fēn zōng          十字野马分鬃   parting wild horse's mane (to the side)
60。shàng bù zuǒ yù nǚ chuān suō   上步左玉女穿梭 step up, jade girl works the shuttle, left
61。zhuǎn shēn yòu yù nǚ chuān suō 转身右玉女穿梭 turn body, jade girl works at shuttle, right
62。shàng bù lǎn què wěi           上步揽雀尾     grasping the bird's tail
63。dān biān                       单鞭          single whip
64。yún shǒu                       云手          cloud hands
65。dān biān                       单鞭          single whip

Section V

66。xià shì              下势     downward posture 
                        (蛇下势 - shé xià shì - snake creep down)
67。jīn jī dú lì         金鸡独立  golden cockerel stands on one leg
68。dào niǎn hóu         倒撵猴    step back repulse monkey
69。xié fēi shì          斜飞势    flying oblique posture
70。tí shǒu shàng shì    提手上势  raise hand and step up
71。bái hè liàng ch      白鹤亮翅  white crane spreads its wings
72。lǒu xī ǎo bù         搂膝拗步  brush knee twist step
73。hǎi dǐ zhēn          海底针    needle at the bottom of the sea
74。shàn tōng bèi        扇通背    fan through back
75。piě shēn chuí        撇身捶    parry and punch
                         撇【piē】 cast aside; throw overboard; neglect; skim. 
                         撇【piě】 throw; fling; cast; left-falling stroke (in Chinese characters).
76。xiè bù bān lán chuí  卸步搬拦捶 step up diverting and blocking fist
77。shàng bù lǎn què wěi 上步揽雀尾 grasping the bird's tail
78。dān biān             单鞭      single whip
79。yún shǒu             云手      cloud hands
80。dān biān             单鞭      single whip

Section VI

81。zuǒ gāo tàn mǎ              左高探马       scout on horseback (left)
82。yíng miàn zhǎng             迎面掌         palm goes to meet face
83。shí zì bǎi lián             十字摆莲       one handed lotus
84。lǒu xī ǎo bù                搂膝拗步       brush knee twist step
85。jìn bù zhǐ dāng chuí        进步指裆捶     step up, punch to crotch
86。shàng bù lǎn què wěi        上步揽雀尾     step up grasping the bird's tail
87。dān biān                    单鞭          single whip
88。xià shì                     下势          downward posture
89。shàng bù qī xīng            上步七星       seven stars
90。tuì bù kuà hǔ               退步跨虎       step back ride tiger
91。zhuǎn shēn pū miàn zhǎng    转身扑面掌     turn body, hit face palm
92。fān shēn shuāng bǎi lián    翻身双摆莲     turn, double handed lotus
93。wān gōng shè hǔ             弯弓射虎       curve bow shoot tiger
94。zuǒ gāo tàn mǎ              左高探马       scout on horseback (left)
95。yíng miàn zhǎng             迎面掌         palm goes to meet face
96。fān shēn piě shēn chuí      翻身撇身捶     turn body, parry and punch
97。shàng bù zuǒ gāo tàn mǎ     上步左高探马    step up scout on horseback (left)
98。shàng bù lǎn què wěi        上步揽雀尾     step up grasping the bird's tail
99。dān biān                    单鞭          single whip
100。hé tài jí                  合太极        closing tai chi

6 Responses to The Long Form 吴式太极拳

  1. bar says:

    Hi Frank,

    it worked! the video quality is a bit poor but it’s nice to see an authentic early version of the form we are learning. (If you hadn’t realised Wu Yinghua in the video is Wu Jianquan’s daughter and Jin Ye’s (my teacher) grandmother.

    Pete and Steve,

    note the footwork in cloud hands – it’s different again to both Jin Ye’s and Ma Jiangbao’s!

  2. bar says:

    remember your 盘 架

  3. guille says:

    Hi Bar!!!
    Here I send you a link that I found of the 110 anniversary of the birth of Master Ma Yueliang, with old photos and a video where he performs the long form. I hope you like it.
    Greetings from Spain.
    Guille

    http://youtu.be/qyPeEYjqE1o
    http://youtu.be/jee5j6rN3mg
    http://youtu.be/24zwnaqTXY0
    http://youtu.be/wpVCjTZWw4M

    • bar says:

      Hi Guille,

      good to here from you. The video’s of Ma are a great find. I haven’t seen any of him practicing the slow form before. They’re good quality too, despite the apocalyptic looking backdrop!

  4. bar says:

    Despite the poor video quality I like this video, because it’s YANG style!!
    Yang Sauchung (1910–1985) was around at the same time as Wu Jianquan (1870–1942). They both learned taijiquan from similar heritage. Wu Jianquan learned the small frame, Yang Sauchung the large frame.
    From this video you can really see the roots of Wu style.

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